Current distribution of the Egyptian Vulture in France

Current distribution of the Egyptian Vulture (from the Atlas des Oiseaux de France Métropolitaine (Nidal Issa et Yves Muller. 2015 LPO/SEOF/MNHN. Delachaux et Niestlé))

The species is distributed from the Western Pyrenees to Southern Alps (Haute Provence). 60% of the Pyrenean population is in the western part (Pyrénées Atlantiques). In South East France, the Vulture breeds in 9 departments including Vaucluse with the highest number of breeding pairs (9). Worldwide, the species is decreasing, if not disappearing. The french population remains threatened with less than 100 pairs. In the 19th century, its range covered the Pyrenees, all the Mediterranean area and the Alps up to Léman lake. The population decreased to 60 pairs in 1970 and remained stable until the 2000-2011 period where conservation measures increased it up to 90 pairs. It seems that the species benefited also from the reintroduction of the Griffon Vulture. However, if the Pyrenean population tended to spread eastward, the South East population never exceeded 20 pairs, not only because of a low reproductive rate but also because of all problems affecting scavengers (indirect poisoning, intoxication, shooting and human activities).